Estate planning is the process of deciding what should happen to your assets after your death or if you become incapacitated, and taking the steps necessary to ensure your decisions will be carried out. There are 6 key steps: Identify all the assets and liabilities. It is surprisingly easy to overlook items like BPS entitlements, … Continue reading 6 Steps to Estate Planning
The Nil Rate Band (NRB), also known as the Inheritance Tax (IHT) threshold, is the amount up to which an Estate has no IHT to pay. The current allowance available on the Estate of an individual is £325,000; anything above this is taxed at 40%. The NRB applies to property passing on death together with … Continue reading What is the Nil Rate Band?
The introduction of the Residence Nil Rate Band (RNRB) may have a substantial impact on Inheritance Tax (IHT) Planning and how farmers pass on their assets, possibly tax-free. The new allowance was introduced back in April 2017 at an initial threshold of £100,000, which will rise to £175,000 by April 2020. This threshold is per … Continue reading How Does the Residence Nil Rate Band Affect Farmers?
You should by now have filed, or be the process of preparing, your tax returns for 2016/17. Have you remembered however, that as of 6 April 2016, farmers have the option to average their profits over five years? Two-year averaging is still available, and you can choose which is most beneficial for you – two-year, … Continue reading Can You Save Tax with Five-Year Farmer’s Averaging?
Business Property Relief (BPR) can exempt assets from Inheritance Tax (IHT) on the basis that they were used in a genuine business, assuming all other qualifying criteria is met. It is not available where the business activity is wholly or predominantly holding investments. In The Estate of Maureen W Vigne (deceased) v HMRC , HMRC … Continue reading Taxpayer Victory: Tribunal Grants Inheritance Tax Relief to Livery
You can claim tax relief, known as capital allowances, for plant and machinery that you keep to use in your business. Assuming all criteria are met, the cost of items such as tools, equipment, desks and computers can be offset against profits in the year in which they are incurred. This is subject to the annual … Continue reading Tax Allowances for Caravans Used in the Business
There has always been uncertainty over whether a landowner is a farmer or a landlord for tax purposes. There has however, been a recent useful decision by the First Tier Tribunal in the case of John Carlisle Allen which has helped to clarify the capital gains tax position (and the valuable entrepreneurs relief/rollover relief ) … Continue reading Are you a farmer or a landlord?
How do you know whether to choose a sole trade, partnership or limited company structure for your business? The changes in farming over recent years have made this question much more complicated. Many factors need to be taken in to consideration when making this decision. Traditionally farms have been small family owned businesses which would … Continue reading Choosing the best structure for your farming business
The recent case of B and R Scambler v HMRC (TC4842) reinforces HMRC’s refusal to accept farming loss claims where they deem that the farm is not being run on a commercial basis. And there are many cases of this nature going to Tribunal. Assuming all criteria is satisfied, self-employment losses can be offset against … Continue reading HMRC, The Dairy Farmer & The Disallowed Loss
It is very likely that at some point your farmhouse and other buildings used in the farming business will require refurbishment, and it is important to be aware that whereas some repair expenditure can be relieved in the year it’s incurred (subject to a disallowed proportion for private use of buildings), alterations and improvements cannot. … Continue reading Tax Relief for Farmhouse Renovations